Treatment of diabetic foot begins with an analysis of the causes of the disease. Diabetic foot syndrome is a condition that develops in patients with diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition in which the pancreas does not produce enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or when the body develops a tolerance for its own insulin, which leads to ineffective use of it (type 2 diabetes). Insulin is a pancreatic hormone whose ultimate effect is to lower blood glucose levels by transferring it to cells for energy.
It is determined by a set of clinical, laboratory and instrumental signs of impaired blood flow, as well as innervation of the distal parts of the lower extremities. It is characterized by the development of ulcerative-necrotic processes in soft tissues, destruction of the osteoarticular apparatus and impaired support function of the foot, which leads to a decrease in the quality of life and, in case of untimely treatment, disability of the patient.